Phenols And Derivatives
One of the most well known groups of aromatic organic compounds, all phenols and their derivatives, have at their core, a benzene ring linked to a hydroxyl group by a single bond, making up its signature structure. Primarily phenols are extracted from tar, and at industrial levels, Cumene process accounts for more than 95% of total phenol and its derivative's production, and in the latter case, Acetone is generated as a by-product. Phenol and their derivatives boast a particularly wide usage scenario, with some major areas of application being plastic industry, pharmaceuticals and laboratory tests/biological reactions usually dealing with the domain of molecular biology.
1) Bisphenols, Alkyl Phenols, Chloro Phenols, Hydroxyphenol and Bakelite are some of the most common phenol derivatives
2) Phenol sprays prove to be a highly effective combination of analgesic and anesthetic, for painful and irritation prone areas
3) They are also used in synthesis of emulsifiers, surfactants and detergents as well as insecticide and plastics
4) Another area of their application involves production of rubbers, paints, insulating materials, inks and dyes